How to Defrag Windows 10 - DeFragment Hard Disk Drive

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How to Defrag Windows 10: This post writes about How to Defrag Windows 10 and What does defragmentation mean. If you have been using a hard drive for a long time without disk defragmentation, you may have seen a steady decline in performance. 

This might mean it's time to defrag the disk. So How to Defragment your Hard Disk Drive in Windows 10? Lets start. Before You Read on How to Defrag Windows 10, You can see the video which explains the whole defragmentation process. 

How to Defrag Windows 10

Before you begin, you must make sure that the unit that you plan to defragment is the hard drive and not the SSD drive. The Windows 10 defragmentation tool can tell you what type of drive it has.

Soon we will proceed to instructions to defrag the hard drive, but keep in mind that you don't have to defragment a solid state hard drive (SSD) and we will explain why after defragmenting the hard drive in Windows 10.

How to Defrag Windows 10
Credit : TechRadar
  • Step 1: Press the Windows key and type "Defragment" in the search bar, then select "Defragment and optimize units" in the results.
  • If the search bar contains an error or you don't see the previous results, you can also access the tool by opening the Control Panel, selecting System and Security, and selecting "Defragment and optimize your unit". "in the Administrative Tools section.
  • You can access the Control Panel by pressing the Windows key, typing "Control Panel" in the search bar and selecting the result. You can also open the Start menu, navigate to the Windows System folder, open it and select the Control Panel from inside.
DeFragment Hard Disk Drive
Credit : TechRadar

  • Step 2: Check the list of drives on your computer on the Defrag tool and find the hard drive that you want to defrag.
  • Step 3: Check the "Media Type" column in your unit and make sure it is not a Solid State Drive (SSD). Simply continue with defragmentation for the hard drive.
  • Step 4: Click on the unit you want to defragment, then press the "Optimize" button on the unit list. Windows 10 may ask you to approve the action before you start.
  • Step 5: Sit down and let the defragmentation tool work. Depending on the size of the unit and the level of fragmentation, it might take a long time to complete.
  • Step 6: If you want Windows 10 to defragment your hard disk regularly, you can activate the optimization programmed in the Defrag tool. Press the "Activate" button under "Programmed Optimization", then select the program Windows wants to track and press the "Select" button to select the unit to be included in normal defragmentation.

What is DeFragmentation

Defragmentation is the search for non-contiguous data in which computer files can be shared when stored on the hard disk. Defragmentation reduces data access time and allows you to use storage more efficiently. 

Some operating systems automatically defragment storage periodically; others force users to occasionally use special utilities for this purpose. Windows 98 comes with a default defragmenter as a "system tool" that can be run by the user. Windows NT does not have a defragmenter because the file system, NTFS, is designed to minimize fragmentation. 

However, NT users often feel the need and some vendors offer defragmenters. Windows 2000 comes with a "light" version of the Diskeeper defragmenter; Some users (especially business users) use Diskeeper or other fully functional defragmentation programs to manage storage efficiency and performance. See more How to Defrag at WikiPedia.

Benefits of Defragmenting Hard Disk

Defragmentation or defragmentation of your hard drive regularly will improve the health and overall speed of your computer system.


Fragmentation occurs when your computer stores information on hard drives that do not need to be together or close to each other. When you remember these things, you have to look in various places, spend time and energy; this also causes slowdown of program and operating system functions.

Faster Programs Speed

Programs work faster and more efficiently when data is added for easy access.

Extended hard disk life

The mechanical part of the unit must travel a shorter distance when the data is in the same place, which reduces wear on the unit.
Security is more effective.

Lesser Errors

The defragmentation process can often show and avoid bad sectors that can cause damage if your data is stored in this area.

Should You Defragment Your Hard Disk?

Defragmentation of your hard drive can be good or bad for the device depending on the type of hard drive you are using. In general, you want to regularly defrag the mechanical Hard Disk Drive and avoid defragmenting the Solid State Drive

Defragmentation to Manage Files

The term defragment refers to the rearrangement of file segments on storage devices in adjacent sequences so that files are no longer fragmented. Fragmentation makes your computer work harder and work more slowly. 

When the computer saves the file to the hard drive, it uses whatever space is available - if there is not enough free space in a row to store the file as a whole, the hard drive divides the file into several parts and saves the parts where they are available. outdoor. Non-contiguous files are called fragmented files.

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Benefits for Hard Disk Drive

If your computer runs slower than usual, you might be able to speed up the backup by defragmenting the hard drive. Defragmentation is useful for HDDs because it integrates files instead of spreading them so that the device's read-write head doesn't have to move frequently when accessing files. 

Two things affect how quickly the hard drive remembers data: searching for time and reading speed related to the time needed to move the controller arm to the data location and how long it takes to read the data. Defragmentation increases load time by reducing how often the hard drive has to find data.

Disadvantages for Solid State Drive Disks

SSD defragmentation is unlikely to improve performance and cause the drive to wear faster. SSDs, or flash drives, do not physically move the controller's arm to read data stored on the physical disk and instead withdraw information stored in flash memory. 

Because of the way the SSD operates, the search time becomes negligible, so fragmented files won't make a difference. In addition, many SSDs use algorithms that deliberately spread data through flash memory chips that only make sense for SSD controllers. Because the computer does not process the SSD data settings algorithm, the data is dragged and not completely defragmented.

Configure the Defragmentation Interval

Windows can run defragmentation of the hard drive in the background so it's not too flashy. You can run defragmentation on request or adjust the background defragmentation frequency with the "Optimize Drives" program. 

Access "Optimize Drive" by searching for "Defrag" in the Spell menu search bar and selecting the "Defragment and optimize your drive" result. Select the hard drive that you want to defrag and click the "Change Settings" option. 

Then tick the check box with label "run as scheduled" and then choose option "Weekly". Defragmentation usually goes out without a hitch, but you might lose data if the computer loses power during the process. For more information you can read on Microsoft Support Pages.

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